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The Internal Coherence Framework: Creating the Conditions for Continuous Improvement in Schools

By Michelle L. Forman, Elizabeth Leisy Stosich, Candice Bocala

The Internal Coherence Framework: Creating the Conditions for Continuous Improvement in Schools


Internal coherence is the ability of schools or educational systems to connect and align resources to implement an improvement strategy, engage in collective learning, and use that learning to provide students with richer educational opportunities.

This book introduces the internal coherence framework, a system of research-based practices for assessing and developing conditions that support student and adult learning in schools.

The book is designed to help education leaders:

  • Develop a vision for ambitious teaching and learning
  • Organize leadership and teacher teams
  • Build psychologically safe team, school, and system cultures

The book also includes a survey and rubric designed to help schools better understand their strengths and weaknesses and the kinds of resources they need to support student learning.

Resource Details

Product Information

ISBN: 978-1-68253-017-7
Copyright: 2017
Format: Trade Paper
Pages: 272
Publisher: Harvard Education Press

Available Previews

Praise for this Resource

  • This book provides a compelling call to action for educators to focus improvement work on the ‘instructional core’: the interactions among students, teachers, and content in classrooms. Even more importantly, it marks a clear path for taking that action: how to mobilize teams to focus on the core and then sustain and deepen their efforts. I have already begun integrating key insights from The Internal Coherence Framework into my Data Wise courses.

    Kathryn Parker Boudett, Director of the Data Wise Project and Lecturer on Education, Harvard Graduate School of Education
  • Gathering proven best practices, the authors articulate clear, actionable processes that create and sustain learning communities in pursuing lasting improvement in student achievement. Educational reform is not for the faint of heart: The Internal Coherence Framework makes it doable.

    Michael Sorum, Former Deputy Superintendent, Fort Worth Independent School District, Texas
  • The Internal Coherence Framework is a rare example of how to create an effective structure that can be applied to any school or district. It should be required reading for teachers and administrators.

    Jeffrey C. Riley, Superintendent and Receiver, Lawrence Public Schools, Massachusetts