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What Works Brief #5: Physical and Emotional Violence Perpetration

By Meagan O Malley, Angela Amarillas


Schools are among the safest places for youth. However, many schools have instituted various safety practices that research has shown to be ineffective—even harmful.

Effective evidence-based strategies that reduce rates of physical and emotional violence all have a common denominator—non-punitive, restorative prevention and intervention practices.

This What Works Brief, cowritten by Meagan O’Malley, former Research Associate at WestEd, provides evidence-based strategies that school staff, parents, and community members can use to:

  • Improve school environment by decreasing the reinforcement students receive for acts of aggression
  • Establish sanctions that decrease the likelihood that students will reoffend

Note: Developed by the California Safe and Supportive Schools (S3) Technical Assistance Center, What Works Briefs summarize state-of-the-art practices, strategies, and programs for improving school climate.

Based on the most current research, each of the ten briefs provides practical recommendations for school staff, parents, and community members and can be used separately to target specific issues (e.g., family engagement) or grouped together to address more complex, systemwide issues.

What Works Briefs are organized into three sections:

  • Quick Wins: What Teachers and Adults Can Do Right Now
  • Universal Supports: Schoolwide Policies, Practices, and Programs
  • Targeted Supports: Intensive Supports for At-Risk Youth

In addition to Brief #5: Physical and Emotional Violence Perpetration, download these What Works Briefs:

Information about California Safe and Supportive Schools (S3) can be found at the S3 website.

Resource Details

Product Information

Copyright: 2012
Format: PDF
Pages: 5
Publisher: WestEd